International Epilepsy Day 2024: Why epilepsy occurs, how dangerous it is for the patient, know the symptoms and treatment | International Epilepsy Day 2024 effects of brain this neuron disease know full detail in punjabi Punjabi news


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International Epilepsy Day: Epilepsy is a brain-related problem that affects about 50 million people worldwide. Although this disease can occur at any age, most of its cases are seen in children. It is a neurological disorder. Although according to WHO it is not a very dangerous disease, but it can cause many internal diseases in the body.

However, the cause of approximately 50 percent of epilepsy cases worldwide remains unidentified. National Epilepsy Day is observed every year on the second Monday of February to spread awareness about the seriousness of this disease. First of all let's know what this disease is.

What is epilepsy?

As mentioned earlier, epilepsy is a brain-related disease in which a person starts having sudden seizures, when it becomes more severe, foaming at the mouth. These seizures can occur at any time of the day, due to which patients also face a variety of social problems. Its patients also face obstacles in marriage, often people do not want to marry people suffering from this disease. Even getting a driving license faces difficulties.

Why do epileptic seizures occur?

This neurological disorder is said to cause abnormal waves in brain circuits. Due to this mental disturbance, the person has frequent seizures. When a stroke occurs, the balance of the mind is disturbed and the body shakes violently. Loss of balance causes the person to fall to the ground and lose control of his body.

Causes of epilepsy

If we talk about its reasons, they include-

  • Birth defects in newborns
  • Lack of oxygen at the time of delivery
  • brain injury
  • infection
  • brain tumor

Symptoms of epilepsy?

When an epileptic attack occurs, the balance of the body is disturbed and the patient's hands and feet tremble and the patient falls to the ground. Symptoms such as clenching of teeth or forceful shaking of hands are also seen. In most cases epileptic seizures are more frequent in the morning. Epilepsy develops between the ages of 5 to 15 years and 70 to 80 years, although congenital disease is seen in only 5 to 10 percent of cases.

What is the treatment for epilepsy?

Although in some cases it does not require treatment, but 60-70 percent of cases can be cured with medicines. Depending on its type and severity, the patient has to take medicines for 2-3 years, after which he recovers, but sometimes the patient has to take medicine for the rest of his life.

Prevention of epilepsy

Doctors say that a healthy diet should be taken to avoid this. Eating foods high in carbohydrates should be avoided. Eating junk food and spicy fried food from outside can increase this disease, so eat simple food at home. Do exercise or yoga daily.