Dog Bite-Anti-Rabies Vaccine: Many people are fond of keeping a dog or a cat. Many times you must have seen people taking care of stray dogs on the road. This is very good from the point of view of humanity, but for the last few days, whether it is stray dogs roaming on the road or pet dogs, the cases of their bites have increased rapidly. Due to these, there is a danger of dangerous rabies in people. In such a situation, anti-rabies vaccine is given to prevent the infection of dog bite or cat bite, but do you know how many injections of anti-rabies are necessary? If you forgot to take even a single dose or did not take it on time, then how can it affect your health. So, let’s know from the experts.
Delhi based Dr. Sagar Borkar, Assistant Professor in Community Medicine, Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital says that hundreds of dog bite patients are reaching the hospitals daily to get anti-rabies vaccine and treatment. Many cases of dog bite are so serious that they have to be given anti-rabies injection or vaccine as well as ARS i.e. anti-rabies serum. So that until the effect of the vaccine, passive immunity can be formed against the virus of rabies in the patient. Whether the pet animal bite is less or more, it is very important to take anti-rabies vaccine, so that the possibility of rabies can be eliminated.
Long ago, 9 anti-rabies vaccines were used for dog and cat bites. Dr. Sagar says that all these vaccines were applied on the stomach. Now very advanced technology of anti rabies vaccines has come. Rabies human diploid cell vaccine, Vero cell rabies vaccine are now available. Through these vaccines, a very small amount of virus is released in the body so that immunity can be developed in the body.
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These vaccines are administered in two ways, intramuscular i.e. inside the muscles of the hand and intradermal i.e. inside a layer of the skin. In these too, the intradermal vaccine is more effective because it is given in less quantity and has the same effect as the intramuscular vaccine. Suppose someone is given 1 ml of intramuscular vaccine, but if someone is given .1 ml of intradermal vaccine on both hands, then that too creates the same immunity. Along with this, it is also cheaper than all, it also reduces the cost per dose.
Dr. explains that at present the vaccines given on animal bite are given between the first day and 28 days. 5 doses of intramuscular vaccine are given. These doses are given immediately after bite, on the third, seventh, 14th and 28th day. At the same time, 4 doses of anti-rabies intradermal vaccine being given in hospitals are given. Its dose goes on 0, 3rd, 7th day and 28th day. It takes 7-14 days to develop immunity from these vaccines. In such a situation, when bitten severely, the patient is also given ARS i.e. anti-rabies serum, which creates passive immunity in the body till the effect of the vaccine.
Dr. says that the anti-rabies vaccine is different from the vaccines of the general vaccination campaign. This vaccine is not given in childhood or as a precaution. Anti-rabies vaccine is applied only after the bite of animals like dog, cat, monkey etc. After getting vaccinated, it creates immunity against the virus.
Many times people get the first or second vaccine after a dog bite, but after that they forget or cannot reach the hospital, although this rarely happens. Dr. Borkar says that usually sufficient immunity is formed in the first-second and third dose of anti-rabies vaccine. If the wound is less and the next dose is not applied then there is no harm, even the doctor himself refuses for the fourth dose after seeing the condition of the patient. Yes, but if the vaccine is not given after the bite of the animal, then it is not only harmful but fatal. There is a risk of getting rabies and death from it.
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FIRST PUBLISHED : March 16, 2023, 20:20 IST