Which is the law, on the basis of which India can save its 8 ex-servicemen from execution in Qatar

World News: Eight ex-servicemen of the Indian Navy have been sentenced to death in Qatar. All of them worked in Al Dahra Company of Qatar. On August 30, 2022, he was taken into custody and jailed. The special thing is that yet Government of India (Government of India) The Qatari authorities have not given information about the reasons for the arrest of these people. The Ministry of External Affairs itself is shocked by the simultaneous death sentence of eight Indians.

In a statement issued by the Ministry of External Affairs in the case of the death sentence of eight ex-naval soldiers in Qatar, it has been said that India Legal options (Legal options) considering It is believed that India can adopt the same stand in this matter, which it had adopted in the Italian Marine case.

In that case, India contested under international laws, the Maritime Zone Act 1976, the Indian Penal Code, and UNCLOS 1982. India can also seek help from UNCLOS and international laws to protect ex-naval personnel in Qatar.

What is UNCLOS 1982?

The meaning of UNCLOS United Nations (United Nations) Law of the Sea Treaty. It is an international treaty established in 1982 that provides a regulatory framework for the use of the world’s seas and oceans. However, it also provides for matters relating to the sovereignty of nations, the determination of rights and use of maritime territories, and the naval rights of nations. If India invokes its Part XV argument, the case will either go to the International Tribunal for Law, which is based in Germany. Or the international court will hear the matter. The third option is ad-hoc arbitration i.e. settling disputes among themselves.

What happened in the Italian Marine case?

In 2012, Italian ships killed two Indian fishermen off the coast of Kerala. It was named Enrica Lexi. The first attempt was made to settle the matter domestically under UNCLOS. Italy later took it to the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea. The tribunal ordered the closure of all cases pending against the marines in India. After this, the matter was PCA. went in front of In its ruling, the Permanent Court of Arbitration had said that India had no right to initiate any criminal case against the two Italian naval officers as they were acting on behalf of one country.

The punishment given to these nine ex-soldiers

Captain Navtej Singh Gill, Captain Saurabh Vashisht, Commander Purendu Tiwari, Captain Birender Kumar Verma, Commander Sugunakar Pakala, Commander Sanjeev Gupta, Commander Amit Nagpal and Sailor Ragesh have been sentenced in Qatar. All of them worked in Qatar’s Al Dahra Global Company. This company used to train the Qatari army. All these were investigating the case of inducting the Italian U212 stealth submarines into the Emirati Naval Force of Qatar. They were arrested on August 30 while returning to India, since then they are all in jail.

Ambassador of India meeting with marines

On August 30, 2022, 8 former marines working for Al Dahra Company were arrested along with two others and held in solitary confinement. On October 1, the Indian Ambassador and Deputy Chief of Mission in Doha met the eight Marines.

The last petition filed on March 11 was cancelled

On October 3, when the CEO of Al Dahra Global When Khamis Al Ajmi came to seek his bail, he was also arrested and kept in solitary confinement for two months, after which he was released on bail. The last bail plea of ​​these 8 former officials on 1 March 2023. was also rejected.

Charge sheet filed on March 25

On March 25, a charge sheet was filed against all the eight people. Four days later, on March 29, a case was registered against all of them under Qatari law. On 30 May, Al Dahra Global closed its operations in Doha and all of the company’s former employees, mostly Indians, returned home.

Released from solitary confinement in August

Eight former Indian marines arrested by Qatari authorities were released from solitary confinement in August after nearly 11 months. After this he was sent to the jail ward. Two men were kept in each cell. On October 26, while hearing the charges against them, the court sentenced all the eight Indians to death.

The Indian Ministry of External Affairs is surprised to hear the sentence

The Indian Ministry of External Affairs itself is surprised at the death sentence of 8 former naval officers arrested in Qatar. In a statement issued by the Ministry of External Affairs, it has been said that the government is monitoring the matter and all possible assistance will be provided to the arrested naval officers. This matter has been raised at the diplomatic and political level as well. Officials of India and Qatar are also in continuous talks.

‘Emir of Qatar’ can give amnesty

The Indian government is making efforts to save 8 ex-Indian naval soldiers in Qatar, the families of the soldiers are also making efforts. A mercy petition has been filed on behalf of the families before the ‘Emir of Qatar’, known for granting pardons during Ramadan and Eid. The current Emir of Qatar is Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani.