But what is this white color resembling sugar powder and where did it come from? ESA has told that this color is due to water and ice. At the same time, the red color is visible due to the rusty Martian soil. this image A 4 km wide crater is also visible in it. According to ESA, this crater is in the Vasitas Borealis region, which is a plain area near the north pole of Mars. The joint mission TGO of ESA and Russian space agency Roscosmos took this picture in July last year.
ESA said that the crater seen in the picture is filled with ice. The Sun is visible for a very short time in this area throughout the year. According to the space agency, the dark area around the rim seen in the photo may be made of volcanic material such as basalt.
European and Russian space agencies have sent orbiters to Mars under the ExoMars program. It is also going to send a rover to Mars later this year. TGO is studying the atmospheric gases of this planet. Along with this, water resources are being searched for and around the surface of Mars. Recently, scientists also came to know about a large amount of ‘hidden water’ on Mars. This ‘water’ is there beneath the surface of a valley.
The orbiter started its search in 2018, two years after reaching Mars. It will also serve to provide data relay services for the second ExoMars mission to Mars in 2023.