Diplomacy, treaty and that meeting…how did the Modi government save ex-Indian marines from execution?
The Government of India succeeded in bringing back to India 8 ex-servicemen of the Indian Navy who were sentenced to death in Qatar. This is a major diplomatic victory for India. The Ministry of External Affairs confirmed the return of the Indian nationals in a statement on Monday. They were accused of espionage. Their return seemed impossible, but the Indian government's diplomacy and strategy worked, let's understand how the Modi government saved them.
On October 26, a court in Qatar sentenced eight ex-Indian marines to death on charges of espionage. As soon as this news came, there was an uproar in India. The question is whether the government will be able to save them, will find a way and what steps will Prime Minister Modi and External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar take to bring them? All eyes were on it.
The complete picture changed due to India's diplomacy
India strongly advocated this matter. No noise, but got his point across effectively. The visit of the Indian ambassador to Qatar continued. They were constantly updated by meeting family members. The Government of India informed the country from time to time about all the information related to this matter but did not give step by step information. It was the need of the hour which was essential for diplomacy.
The matter was not limited to foreign policy. PM Modi and Qatari leader Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad met at the Environment Summit held in Dubai in December. Both saw this as a positive message. After the meeting, PM Modi had said that he had discussed the welfare of the Indian community in Qatar.
PM Modi did not publicly discuss the death row prisoners but did say that he sought information from Qatar's head of state, Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, about the plight of Indians living there. Its effect was seen after a few days. On December 28, good news came that Qatar's High Court had overturned his death sentence and fixed his life sentence.
What is the image of Qatar?
Foreign affairs experts also say that Qatar has always been known to help resolve disputes between two countries through mediation. Qatar also played a mediating role to stop the war between Israel and Hamas. Looking at India's growing stature in the world, Qatar will never want to tarnish its image. As India took up the matter, Qatar had to relieve the prisoners. Relations and diplomacy between the two countries worked.
What is the reference to the 2014 treaty?
Amidst all this incident, one cannot ignore the 2014 treaty, which decided that if citizens of both countries are punished for any reason, they can serve the punishment in their own country. It was discussed that the Government of India had taken up this matter from a diplomatic point of view and had also discussed it with the US and Turkey. These two countries have better relations than Qatar and its head of state.