After earth-sky, now India will find out the secret hidden in the depths of the ocean, ‘Samudrayaan’ is ready

Samudrayaan Of India: To unlock the secrets of the deep sea, India has launched the Mega Ocean Mission ‘Samudrayaan’. Its objective is to send a team of experts to the sea to conduct deep underwater studies of the manned submersible vehicle ‘MATSYA 6000’. The Samudrayan Mission aims to send a self-propelled manned submarine to carry three people to a depth of 6,000 meters in the ocean, which will have a set of scientific sensors and instruments for deep ocean exploration. Suit is. It has a stipulated operating period of 12 hours and has a working capacity of up to 96 hours in case of emergency.

With an emphasis on the development of deep-sea technology from ‘Matsya 6000’, the Deep Ocean mission will include technologies for deep-sea mining, deep-sea mineral resource exploration and marine biodiversity, as well as in 6,000 meters of water depth. Submersible vehicle has been prepared to send humans.

Why is it important to explore the ocean?
Oceans, which cover 70 percent of the globe, are an important part of our lives. Only five percent of the deep ocean is in the knowledge of the people so far and about 95 percent of it has not been discovered yet. India is surrounded by oceans on three sides and about 30 percent of the country’s population lives in the coastal areas. Where the main economic source of the people is fisheries and aquaculture, tourism, means of livelihood.

For India, underwater exploration is a unique situation. India has a coastline of 7517 km, which is home to nine coastal states and 1,382 islands. The vision of ‘New India’ of the Government of India is one of the ten major dimensions for the development of this blue economy of the sea.

What is Matsya 6000?
The Union Minister had told a few days ago that the preliminary design of the manned submersible ‘Matsya 6000’ has been completed and has been completed by various organizations including ISRO, IITM and DRDO and is now ready to land. The Minister informed that the indigenously developed, Matsya 6000 is a manned submersible vehicle. It will facilitate the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) to conduct deep sea exploration.

Already, the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT), Chennai, an autonomous institute under the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES), has developed Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs) and various equipment such as Autonomous Coring Systems (ACS) rated at 6000 m depth These are designed as Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) and Deep Sea Mining System (DSM) for deep sea exploration.

How will it help in deep sea research?
The manned submersible will help scientific personnel directly observe and understand areas of the deep ocean. In addition, it will enhance the capability of human rated vehicle development in the deep sea.

Launching the Marine Exploration Initiative, the Union Minister of State, Dr Jitendra Singh mentioned, “This niche technology will enable the Ministry of Earth Sciences to access non-living resources such as polymetallic manganese nodules, gas hydrates, hydro-thermal sulfides, and cobalt crusts, 1000 and 5500. It is situated at a depth of meters.

The manned submersible system is designed with state-of-the-art technology, including emergency rescue, failure mode analysis, review as well as International Association of Classification and Certification Societies’ regulations for manned-rated use of manned submarines at depths of 6000 metres. Certified accordingly.

What is the estimated cost of the mission?
The Government of India had approved the Deep Ocean Mission (DOM) to be implemented under the aegis of the Ministry of Earth Sciences at a total budget of Rs 4,077 crore for a period of five years. The estimated time period for the period 2020-2021 to 2025-2026 is five years and the estimated cost of the first phase for 3 years (2021-2024) will be ₹2,823.4 crore. The Deep Ocean Mission will be a mission mode project to support the Blue Economy initiative of the Government of India.

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